--Combed Ring Spun yarns need fiber which sets priorities on length, strength, and fineness;
--Air Jet yarns need priorities length and strength;
--Open End yarns can use lower grades of cotton fibers, but place priorities on fiber fineness and strength. A higher concentration of waste can be utilized.
2. Price pressures and lack of supply forces spinners to use lower grades of cotton fiber and higher concentration of waste in the blend.
As the cotton yarns deteriorate in quality, so does the fabric. The fabric manufacturer will see an increase in fabric hairiness (prone to increased pilling), reduction in fabric strength (reduced garment longevity), reduced fabric stability (shrinkage and skewness), increased rejection rates, and the list goes on. Obviously, this is not the way to design VALUE and to gain customer loyalty. And yet, most brands and retailers are clueless about how this market condition will impact their bottom line. The impact is not immediate, but consumers' negative experience with the product may result in shopping elsewhere.
From a sustainability viewpoint, the premature disposal of cotton garments due to poor quality is an inefficient utilization of our precious resources. The quantity of land, water and energy used to convert cotton fibers into apparel is tremendous.
Take for example a woman's cotton knit top, category 339. In 2008, 2.8 billion knits tops were imported into the United States. Let's assume that each unit required 0.8148 pounds for cotton fiber1
. This would amount to approximately 2.3 billion pounds of cotton fiber needed just for this category. If the worldwide production of cotton is four bales (500 pounds per bale) of cotton per acre, then you need approximately 1.1 million acres of land. Not a small number. If you claim to have sustainable practices, you must consider quality, design and durability for your apparel products to better utilize our most valuable resources.
While the issues and considerations around yarn and other raw materials may seem overly technical, they are much too important to ignore. Establishing relationships with reputable companies from the raw materials forward can help your company make great decisions on VALUE and design. At the same time, it will give you more transparency and validity to your sustainability claims. You would be surprised how little it costs to make quality product when you have the entire supply chain working with you, the retailer or brand, and not against you.
Includes estimated yields and waste factors
About Hermann Bühler AG, Switzerland and Buhler Quality Yarns Corp., USA
Since 1858 the Buhler Group has produced yarns for customers with the highest requirements. We are successful because we place tremendous emphasis on the quality of the fibers we buy and the innovative yarns we spin. Our highly specialized and dedicated global work force keeps us competitive, and we work collaboratively with leading brands and retailers throughout the world to provide a service that goes far beyond just the sale of yarns. We take pride in providing guidance across the supply chain to help improve processes and to ensure that the final product meets or exceeds our customers' -- and the consumer's -- expectations.
Buhler Quality Yarns is not in the commodity business. We spin high-end luxury yarns with fibers such as Supima cotton, Lenzing MicroModal and MicroTencel for superior results.
Buhler Quality Yarns Corp. is headquartered in Jefferson, GA. To learn more visit www.buhler.com
or email email@example.com